Agra Fort (Red Fort)
Agra Fort is a historical fort located in the city of Agra in India. It was the main residence of the emperors of the Mughal Dynasty till 1638, after which the capital was shifted from Agra to Dehli.
The Agra fort is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is about 2.5 km northwest of its more prominent sister monument, the Taj Mahal. The fort can be more precisely showcase as a walled city.
History of Agra Fort
After the First Battle of Panipat in 1526, the victorious Babur lived in the fort, in the palace of Ibrahim Lodi. He later constructs a baoli (stepwell) in it. His successor, Humayun, was crowned in the same fort in 1530. Sher Shah Suri conquered him in the Bilgram in 1540.
The fort keeps with the Suris till 1555, when Humayun again recaptured it. Adil Shah Suri’s general, Hemu, recaptured Agra in 1556 and follow its fleeing governor to Delhi where he met the Mughals in the Battle of Tughlaqabad.
Fatehpur Sikri is a town in the Agra District. The city itself was founded as the capital of the Mughal Empire in 1571 by Emperor Akbar.
The name of the city taken from the village called Sikri which occupied the spot before. An Archaeological Survey of India(ASI) excavation from 1999-2000 showcase that there was a habitation here before Akbar constructs his capital.
The Khanqah of Sheikh Salim existed earlier at this place. Akbar’s son Jahangir was born in the village of Sikri in 1569 and that year Akbar constructed a religious compound to commemorate the Sheikh who had forecast the birth. After Jahangir’s second birthday, he began the construction of a walled city and a huge imperial palace here.
The city came in fronts to all and known as Fatehpur Sikri, the “City of Victory”, after Akbar’s victorious Gujarat campaign in 1573.