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Agra for Sightseeing Tour

Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal is an ivory-white marble mausoleum situated on the south bank of the Yamuna river in the Indian city of Agra. It was commissioned in 1632 by Shah Jahan to house the tomb of his wife – Mumtaz Mahal.

Built of the mausoleum was fully completed in 1643 but work continued on other phases of the project for another 10 years. The construction project employed some 20,000 artisans under the enlightenment of a board of architects led by the court architect to the emperor, Ustaad Ahmad Lahauri.

The Taj Mahal was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 for being “the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally praise masterpieces of the world’s heritage“. It is regarded by many as the best example of Mughal architecture and a symbol of India’s rich history. The Taj Mahal entice 7–8 million visitors a year. In 2007, it was widely known as a winner of the New 7 Wonders of the Wonders initiative.

Taj Mahal Agra

 

Agra Fort (Red Fort)

Agra Fort is a historical fort located in the city of Agra in India. It was the main residence of the emperors of the Mughal Dynasty till 1638, after which the capital was shifted from Agra to Dehli.

The Agra fort is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is about 2.5 km northwest of its more prominent sister monument, the Taj Mahal. The fort can be more precisely showcase as a walled city.

History of Agra Fort

After the First Battle of Panipat in 1526, the victorious Babur lived in the fort, in the palace of Ibrahim Lodi. He later constructs a baoli (stepwell) in it. His successor, Humayun, was crowned in the same fort in 1530. Sher Shah Suri conquered him in the Bilgram in 1540.

The fort keeps with the Suris till 1555, when Humayun again recaptured it. Adil Shah Suri’s general, Hemu, recaptured Agra in 1556 and follow its fleeing governor to Delhi where he met the Mughals in the Battle of Tughlaqabad.

Agra Red Fort

Akbar Tomb

Akbar tomb is the burial place of the Great Mughal emperor, Akbar, and a prominent Mughal architectural masterpiece. It was beginning to be constructed in 1604 and get finished in between 1613 and is made upon a gigantic 119 acres of grounds in Sikandra.

History of the Akbar Tomb-

The tomb of this great Mughal emperor was ordered to be constructed by his son Prince Salim, who was also known/called as Jahangir. Also, Design of the tomb and a suitable site for it was selected by him. After his death, Akbar’s son Jahangir completed the construction in 1605–1613.
During the Islamic ruler Aurangzeb’s time, the rebellious Jats rose against him under the leadership of Raja Ram Jat, they took the control of Agra fort after ruled out the Mughal forces. Mughal prestige undergoes a further blow when Jats ransacked Akbar tomb. Aurangzeb was so furious that he captured Raja ram and got him killed ruthlessly.

Akbar Tomb

 

Fatehpur Sikri

Fatehpur Sikri is a town in the Agra District. The city itself was founded as the capital of the Mughal Empire in 1571 by Emperor Akbar.

The name of the city taken from the village called Sikri which occupied the spot before. An Archaeological Survey of India(ASI) excavation from 1999-2000 showcase that there was a habitation here before Akbar constructs his capital.

The Khanqah of Sheikh Salim existed earlier at this place. Akbar’s son Jahangir was born in the village of Sikri in 1569 and that year Akbar constructed a religious compound to commemorate the Sheikh who had forecast the birth. After Jahangir’s second birthday, he began the construction of a walled city and a huge imperial palace here.

The city came in fronts to all and known as Fatehpur Sikri, the “City of Victory”, after Akbar’s victorious Gujarat campaign in 1573.

Fatehpur Sikri

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